|Pest Risk Analysis|
|Plant Protection Knowledge|
Plant Protection is responsible for pest risk analysis which evaluates the level of risk and establishes measures to reduce the risk, in order to prevent economic loss which may impact on agricultural crops and the natural environment once such pests are introduced into Barbados from oversees. Plant Protection conducts pest risk assessment in accordance with the regulations as set out by the IPPC.
Pest Risk Analysis Procedure
The goal of this first step is to identify the pest (s) and pathway (s) which are of quarantine concern to Barbados.
The PRA process may start as a result of
At the end of the initiation stage, pests and pathways will have been identified. Current relevant information will have been collected. Any assumptions will have been made. PPQ would have determined the possible candidates – quarantine pests - for phytosanitary measures.
PEST RISK ASSESSMENT
The categorization process allows the PPQ officials to determine definitely whether the pest (s) associated with a potential pathway are quarantine pests.
Identity of the pest
The pest should be clearly defined to ensure the assessment is being performed on a single distinct organism- This will ensure that biological and other information is relevant to the organism in question.
POTENTIAL FOR ESTABLISHMENT AND SPREAD IN BARBADOS
Evidence should be available to support the conclusion that the pest under assessment could become established or spread in Barbados.
POTENTIAL FOR ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES IN BARBADOS
There should be clear indications that the pest is likely to have an unacceptable economic impact (including an adverse environmental impact) on Barbados
CONCLUSION OF PEST CATEGORIZATION
After the assessment has been completed and the results determine that the pest has the potential to become a quarantine pest, the PRA should continue. If the pest does not fulfill all the criteria then the PRA should stop
ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBABILITY OF INTRODUCTION AND SPREAD
The probability of entry of a pest depends on the pathways from the exporting country to the destination and the frequency and quantity of pests associated with them.
The higher the number of pathways and the greater the frequency, the greater the probability of pests entering Barbados"
Other related factors:
ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL ECONOMIC CONSEQUENGES
The basic method for estimating the potential economic importance of pests in this section also applies to:
DIRECT PEST EFFECTS
For identification and characterization of the direct effects of the pest on each potential host in the PRA area, or those effects which are host-specific, the following are examples that could be considered:
INDIRECT PEST EFFECTS
For identification and characterization of the indirect effects of the pest in the PRA area, or those effects that are not host-specific, the following are examples that could be considered:
PEST RISK MANAGEMENT
The conclusion of the pest risk assessment phase allows regulators to determine whether risk mitigation steps are necessary and the strength of measures that need to be implemented. We have to identify options and resources both in Barbados and in the exporting country. These must then be balanced against what we consider to be our acceptable level of risk